- Security forces have detained 1,500 people after supporters of far-right former president Jair Bolsonaro stormed government buildings in Brasília
- Thousands of demonstrators ransacked the Congress building as well as the presidential palace, and Supreme Court on Sunday
- Brazilian authorities have begun to dismantle protest camps outside the army’s headquarters in the capital and at other sites
- Bolsonaro lost the presidential election to left-wing Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in October after sowing unsubstantiated claims about voting systems
- Many of his supporters have refused to accept the result and some have been camping outside army buildings around the country calling for a military intervention
- Bolsonaro has denied encouraging Sunday’s attack, saying what happened had gone beyond democratic protest
- His wife says he is under observation in hospital in Florida for abdominal pain stemming from when he was stabbed in 2018
- World leaders including US President Joe Biden have condemned the riots as an attack on democracy
Here’s a round-up of where things stand:
- Thousands of people are gathering in Brazil’s largest city, São Paulo, to demonstrate in support of democratic values after far-right rioters stormed government buildings in Brasília
- About 1,500 supporters of former President Jair Bolsonaro have been detained after the Congress building, presidential palace and Supreme Court were ransacked on Sunday
- Security forces are clearing protest camps outside the army’s headquarters in Brasília, where some 3,000 Bolsonaro supporters had set up tents
- They refuse to accept that he lost October’s election and have been calling for military intervention and the resignation of the country’s new left-wing President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
- Lula has condemned the riots as “terrorist acts” and said the Congress invaders would be punished
- Meanwhile, Bolsonaro, who denied encouraging Sunday’s attack, was admitted to hospital in the US on Monday with what his wife said was abdominal pain
- He left Brazil for the US about 10 days ago and refused to take part in the handover of power to incoming Lula last week
While Jair Bolsonaro may not have been the mastermind behind the invasion, he cannot be separated from it.
Throughout his term, he has repeatedly questioned the efficacy of Brazil’s institutions – accusing the Supreme Federal Court of being politically against him, and the voting system of being prone to fraud, despite no evidence to support those claims.
His supporters took on his narrative wholeheartedly.
Since he lost the elections in October he flew off to Florida to avoid having to hand over the presidential sash to Lula – and he’s allowed his most ardent supporters to remain angry over a democratic election that he legitimately lost.
Tension has definitely been building. Camps were set up across the country in front of army headquarters, with protesters loyal to Bolsonaro calling for military intervention. And then in December, supporters set fire to Federal Police headquarters in Brasilia. Another supporter was arrested for allegedly trying to set off a bomb before Lula’s inauguration on 1 January.
It’s no secret that many security forces are more on the side of Bolsonaro than Lula.
For Bolsonaro’s supporters, Lula – who was jailed in 2017 for corruption, and spent 18 months in prison before the convictions were annulled – is a corrupt politician who belongs in prison, not the presidential palace.
They falsely accuse him of being a communist, wanting to impose a regime like Venezuela or Cuba. They won’t be convinced by anything else – and they won’t give up their fight for “democracy” as they call it.
But there’s a massive flaw in their argument in wanting freedom and democracy.
They are calling for a very undemocratic military intervention to “save” Brazil – an intervention that despite their best efforts, doesn’t look forthcoming.
How police failed to stop the protest
Thousands of people began gathering outside Brazilian government buildings in the days following Bolsonaro’s election loss. President Lula had called on local security forces to remove these protesters, but police opted to not use force.
The march – Protesters traveled on foot for 7km (4 miles) towards the government building complex, without being stopped by police. Officials have not said yet whether they had an official parade permit.
Breaching barricades – Video shows a single line of metal barriers outside Three Powers Square. One policeman is seen deploying pepper spray before the crowd quickly overwhelms the force.
Entering buildings – Police have been criticised for being too hands-off with the protesters as they streamed into buildings. Two videos we’ve verified show policemen taking pictures of the crowds as they walk up the ramps and into the Congress building.
Senators give backing to riots inquiry
Former presidential contender and senator Soraya Thronicke has tweeted she’s gathered more support than necessary for the opening of a parliamentary committee inquiry to investigate Sunday’s riots.
She will now need the approval of the president of the Brazilian Senate, but this is very likely to happen according senators I spoke to.
Earlier today she urged colleagues to back her proposal.
“I would like to thank all colleagues who supported the initiative. Democracy is sacred. Many realize it only after they lose it. In our Brazil, it will survive,” she said.
The investigation would look into who is responsible for the attacks in Brasília on Sunday.
BBC/KATY WATSONCopyright: BBC/KATY WATSON
I’ve been down to the camp outside the military barracks in São Paulo.
It’s one of many that cropped up after President Lula’s victory in October – and they all have to be dismantled today after Sunday’s events in Brasilia.
Although people are complying, they are doing it begrudgingly – I saw two men move a fridge into the back of the van – they’ve been there so long, there’s a lot of infrastructure to dismantle.
One man, who told me his name was “Warrior” blamed leftist infiltrators for the invasion of Congress.
“We’ve been protesting peacefully here,” he said.
Another blamed the “communist press” for negative coverage – shouting down the camera of a journalist who was filming.
Calm may have been restored in Brasília, but the anger and political division is still here.
Images show extent of damage inside ransacked Congress
Officials say about 1,500 people have been arrested following the storming of the National Congress in Brasília.
The BBC has been inside the government building to see the damage.
Here are a few pictures, taken by São Paulo-based producer Jessica Cruz, showing some of the destruction.